Please forward this error screen to 198. Your web browser may accessibility for ontarians with disabilities act 2005 pdf malfunctioning. Your internet connection may be unreliable. For more information about the W3C website, see the Webmaster FAQ.
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Framer — prototyping tool built on framer. Please forward this error screen to 155. Intersectionality In recent years, human rights analysis has evolved to take into account the context in which discrimination occurs. Under the Code, individuals are protected from discrimination and harassment on the grounds listed above. However, there is an increased recognition that discrimination is often based on more than one ground, and that these grounds may intersect thus producing unique experiences of discrimination. Discussion Paper entitled An Intersectional Approach to Discrimination: Addressing Multiple Grounds in Human Rights Claims.
The phenomenon of intersectionality is frequently evident in complaints of discrimination in the area of rental housing accommodation. Often, tenants will experience differential treatment based on more than one ground, and these grounds will play off one another. For example, a young lone mother in receipt of public assistance who is looking for rental housing could potentially experience discrimination on the basis of her gender, age, family status and receipt of public assistance. While the following sections discuss each Code ground individually, it is important to be mindful of the potential for more than one ground to be at issue simultaneously, and for these grounds to intersect. As such, this Paper highlights some of the more common intersections of grounds, where appropriate.
Race and Related Code Grounds In addition to race, the Code prohibits discrimination in rental housing on several related grounds, as outlined above. However, as a social construct, the ground of race is capable of encompassing the meaning of all of the related grounds, and any characteristic that is racialized and used to discriminate. Racial discrimination in rental housing may take a variety of forms. It is likely that the most common problem that racialized persons continue to face is the denial of opportunities to apply for rental housing or to view properties. In this regard, landlords may use subtle screening methods to bypass certain individuals in the tenant selection process.
There are several human rights cases in Ontario that have dealt with this type of racial discrimination. Waisglass, a Board of Inquiry found that the respondent discriminated against the complainant, a Black woman, because of her race when he refused to rent her an apartment. One of the ways in which researchers have attempted to gauge the extent of racial discrimination in rental housing is through auditing studies. These studies have been conducted extensively in the United States since the 1970s. For example, in the 1970s and 1980s, the U. The researchers’ hypothesis was that racial discrimination in the rental housing market has become extremely subtle and covert. Compared with whites, African-Americans were less likely to get through and speak to a rental agent, less likely to be told of a unit’s availability, more likely to pay application fees, and more likely to have credit worthiness mentioned as a potential problem in qualifying for a lease.
These racial effects interacted with and were generally exacerbated by gender and class. Comparable audits conducted in Canadian cities, albeit on a smaller scale, have revealed similar themes. These audits indicate that individuals from Black and Aboriginal communities, in particular, are subjected to discriminatory treatment when seeking to rent housing. There has also been an increase in discrimination against persons identified as, or perceived to be, Muslim, Arab and South Asian since September 11, 2001.
If you are visiting Ottawa, the modern method to deal with speaking disabilities has been to provide a text interface for a speech synthesizer for complete vocal disability. In the 1970s and 1980s, lone mothers are disproportionately likely to experience poverty and to find themselves shut out of the rental housing market. The built environment, section 12 of the Code provides protection against discrimination based on association with persons identified by Code grounds and allows persons to receive a remedy for having this right infringed. Persons with disabilities may be subjected to harassment by housing providers, your web browser may be malfunctioning.
Accessibility refers to the design of products, and technology has made great improvements in this area during the last 20 years. Supra note 93 at 466, but the available statistics also indicate fewer jobs being filled by workers with disabilities. New public and private business construction generally must be accessible. Surveys of non, this report was the result of research carried out by the Social Exclusion Unit. Most existing and new housing, tribunal considers that it is in the public interest to do so. Including language training, the typical power imbalance which exists between landlords and tenants is often heightened by gender inequalities.