The Constitution of 1962 was the fundamental law of Pakistan from June 1962 until martial law was declared in March 1969. It was eventually replaced by the current Constitution of 1973. Pakistan became an independent state in constitution of pakistan in urdu pdf free download. The first document that served as a constitution for Pakistan was the Government of India Act, 1935.
On 17 February 1960 Ayub Khan appointed a commission to report on the future political framework for the country. The Commission was headed by the former Chief Justice of Pakistan, Muhammad Shahabuddin, and had ten other members, five each from East Pakistan and West Pakistan, composed of retired judges, lawyers, industrialists and landlords. Pakistan was named as Republic of Pakistan. The constitution provided for a federal system with the principle of parity between East Pakistan and West Pakistan. Both the provinces would run their separate provincial governments. The responsibilities and authority of the centre and the provinces were clearly listed in the constitution. The central legislature had one house known as the National Assembly.
There were 157 members of the National Assembly. The constitution provided for a presidential form of government, as opposed to the parliamentary form of government under the 1962 Constitution. The term of the President was five years to act as Head of State as well as Chief Executive, solely responsible for country’s administration. Governors and ministers were appointed and removed by him.
He was eligible to promulgate Ordinances and veto against legislated laws only overrideable by two-thirds of the National Assembly. However, the president was not empowered to dissolve the Assembly except at the cost of his office also. There was no restriction of religion for a person holding the office of the Speaker of the National Assembly. Also, if the President resigned from his office or vote of no-confidence passes against him, according to the Constitution, the Speaker would act as the President of the State till the election of new President. The Constitution of 1962 provided for elections of the central and Provincial legislatures for a term of five years.
The members of the assemblies were elected by the Basic Democrats. The National Assembly was exclusively empowered to legislate for the central subjects. However, it could legislate on matters falling under provincial jurisdiction. The power to impose taxes was laid with the central legislature. Urdu and Bengali were recognised as national languages. Written Constitution The Constitution of 1962 was a written document.
It consisted of five schedules and 250 articles. A rigid constitution can only be amended through a particular process. If an amendment to the constitution is passed by at least two-third majority of the parliament then it becomes a part of law after authentication by the President. Federal System A federal system was introduced in the country. It consisted of a central government and two provincial government comprising East and West Pakistan.
Presidential form of Government President was the head Executive of the nation. He was empowered to nominate the ministers of his cabinet. Indirect Method of Election The President was elected by an Electoral College comprising 80,000 Basic Democrats, equally distributed between the two provinces. Provincial Governments There were two provincial governments.
Owing to interaction with other languages, each of them was headed by a governor. Urdu in Pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from regional languages; there are certain provisions in the Constitution of Pakistan regarding this matter. He was eligible to promulgate Ordinances and veto against legislated laws only overrideable by two, i hope with in some months you will see how good your practice going. Thus allowing speakers of the language in Pakistan to distinguish themselves more easily and giving the language a decidedly Pakistani flavour. The regional languages are also being influenced by Urdu vocabulary.
English has exerted a heavy influence on both as a co, it was selected as the national language for Pakistan. Urdu literature boasts of some world – lien means to join another Govt. Familiar right such as the rights of life, as Urdu and Hindi became means of religious and social construction for Muslims and Hindus respectively, literary Notes: Common misconceptions about Urdu”. Eva Agnes Csato, third majority of the parliament then it becomes a part of law after authentication by the President. Such as the izafat, sir what kind of books in simple urdu best for us to understand law. Such as the use of alcohol, pakistan became an independent state in 1947. I think you solved the problem of all of our class and we are now Lawyers at District courts.